Ley Lines
Onondaga Valley
Syracuse, New York

Ley Lines
Riding the Long Waves
David Yarrow
November 2003

The term "ley line" has been used nearly a century, but its meaning has changed and is still in dispute. Originally, ley line referred to an alignment of prehistoric megalithic sites in Britain. In the last century, the meaning of the term has mutated—some say mutilated—to refer to other phenomena.

Today, most often, a ley line is a dowsable channel of earth energy. In particular, ley line refers to long wave, extremely low frequency beams of earth energy that connect regional points of power, usually tens—even hundreds—of miles apart. In its most fully evolved definition, a "ley line" is an energy channel in the nervous system of the Earth—a single synaptic link in the mind field of Gaia.

Historical Origin

The term "ley line" was invented in the early 1920s by Alfred Watkins, a traveling salesman in England. His hobby was to collect stories, legends and information about ancient ruins, sacred sites and holy spots in the countryside. Over many years, Watkins acquired extensive knowledge of England's rich legacy of antiquities, the most famous of which includes Stonehenge, Avebury, Glastonbury, Silbury, and other megalithic sites of unknown origin and purpose.

On June 30, 1921, while parked on a high spot studying a Herefordshire map, Watkins experienced a reverie, and saw "in a flash" lines of light crisscrossing the land. Contemplating his momentary vision, Watkins realized those beams of energy pass through many of the holy places, standing stones, hill forts, mounds, sacred springs, and other sites of antiquity. The ancient places were linked together, forming a vast matrix of alignments.

Watkins began regular hikes across the countryside with compass and ordinance survey maps to investigate his vision. His early field studies confirmed the ancient places are aligned on straight lines traversing ten, twenty, even thirty miles of the rural terrain. Watkins' field surveys enabled him to discover many more megaliths, mounds, ancient churches, and other landscape mysteries. Many contemporary holy places, such as churches, cathedrals and cemeteries, are also sited on these alignments.
Ley Lines
Delaware Forest
Kingston, New York

Watkins chose the term "ley line" to denote these alignments. In part, the word derives from the Latin lucere—"to shine"—which alludes to Watkins initial vision of "lines of light" crisscrossing the landscape. The Latin lucus—"a grove"—also adds meaning to Watkins new term.

Watkins' friends joined his weekend hiking trips to document his vision. In early years, Watkins was convinced the alignments were ancient trader tracks linking settlements by the shortest pathways. In fact, Roman roads were built on the alignments. But careful research revealed the alignments existed long before Roman conquest. Late in his life, Watkins began to believe some other intention than commerce motivated ancient people to create the alignments.

In 1925, Watkins published his many years of field surveys in a small book: The Olde Straight Track. Watkins second book The Ley Hunter's Manual came out in 1927, and in 1932 Watkins published Archaic Tracks Round Cambridge.

After Watkins' death in 1935, his associates formed a social club—The Old Straight Track Club—to continue his investigations. Their investigations explored wider areas of the English, confirming more and longer alignments. However, the club died out in the 1940s.

Conventional archaeology, however, scoffed at Watkins' ideas, discounted his theory, and ignored accumulating evidence.

Watkins was not the first—or last—to propose a system of landscape alignments. Going back as early as 1850, quite a few British investigators believed they discovered straight-line paths interconnecting ancient sites and holy places. These included respected authorities such as Lockyer, Bennett, Lewis, and Penrose. And similar inquiries turned up landscape alignments in Brittany and Germany.

In America, early explorer William Pigeon published Traditions of the De-Coo-Dah in which he described his travels in the American Midwest where he surveyed 449 Indian mounds, many of which he concluded lay in straight lines, which he called "lineal ranges."
Ley Lines (red) & Water Domes (blue)
at an earth mound
East Greenbush, New York

DRAWING DYarrow 1999

Among the best books about these mysteries hidden in English landscapes—indeed, landscapes worldwide—is New View Over Atlantis by John Michell.

Enter the Dowsers

Dowsers discovered they can detect beams of earth energy running along some—but not all—of Watkins' alignments. Gradually, the term "ley line" was borrowed to refer to the earth energy, apart from any alignment. This dual use created confusion, since often an alignment had no dowsable energy, and many dowsers' energy channels are not on an alignment.

Eventually, the term ley line was hijacked by dowsers to refer to earth energies. Ley hunters in the tradition of Watkins objected to this perversion of meaning, and tried to resist this redefinition of Watkins word. However, dowsing grew popular and spread, captured public imagination, and eclipsed other uses of the term. But since dowsers use ley line to label many different kinds of earth energy, confusion grew by leaps and bounds.

Dowsing isn't science, has no scientific standards, no uniform terminology, no measurement protocols. Further, dowsers detect many types of earth energy, with and without an ancient site alignment. This annoys the dickens out of left-brain, discipline freaks. Without standard definition or uniform terms, word meanings become blurred and imprecise.

Some dowsers created "energy ley" to distinguish earth energy channels from Watkins' archaeological alignments. A few dowsers called them "dragon paths," which aroused even deeper controversies. This confusion and ill will continues right up to today.

Dowsers vary in their technique, but most detect these energy channels as three parallel lines running along the ground. The three parallel lines are the two edges plus the middle of a wide pathway, which may be anywhere from four to forty feet wide. These energy channels are not perfectly straight, but curve and bend slightly. And they are three dimensional, with not only width and length, but height.

An individual energy channel can be wider or narrower, depending on the terrain, time of day, phase of the moon, or other unknown influences. A few dowsers find these energy channels shrink and nearly vanish during solar and lunar eclipses, suggesting a link to Earth's magnetic field. Some dowsers believe these earth energy channels are perhaps akin to a single strand of geomagnetic flux.

Dowsers detect a variety of earth energy fields. Some seem to benefit humans; others are clearly detrimental or harmful (see Asleep with a Vampire). While some dowsers use the term "energy ley" indiscriminately to label any kind of earth energy, the strict definition is intended to identify a special class of long distance lines linking significant power spots.
The Global Grid
Becker-Hagens model

A World-Wide Web

The emerging concept underlying ley lines is that the Earth not only has a physical, geological body of crystalline bedrock and molten magma, but also an electromagnetic anatomy. Earth's energy body is an orderly geometry that locks the planet's physical components together—especially atmosphere and oceans—and links them to the geomagnetic field, and thus assure a stable, sheltered environment for life to exist and persist.

The idea is that Earth began as an energy field that attracted and gathered physical matter, which then condensed and organized into the solid body of the planet. The energy field provided the power needed to pull interstellar dust and gas into a clump. The energy field also provided the pattern to distribute that matter into orderly geometry, similar to how magnets attract iron powder to arrange itself and reveal the invisible pattern of the magnetic flux field.

Earth's energy field has a specific geometry with a definite shape, much the way minerals in bedrock are arranged in orderly crystalline shapes. Even as crystals have edges, vertexes and faces, Earth's energy field has an orderly, uniform structure. One difference is while crystals have a fixed structure, the energy field is in constant motion—a flowing field of flux with a stable shape, but whose elements are in constant changing motion.

In this view of Earth-as-energy-grid, the planet is embedded in a nest of standing waves. These interlocking waves are low frequency and long wave, on the order of tens to hundreds of miles in length. By comparison, radio, TV and cellphones use high frequency signals that are short waves, on the order of meters down to millimeters in length. The longest wave in Earth's energy grid is twice the diameter of the planet—about 8000 miles.
Ley Lines
Camillus Forest
Camillus, New York

These long waves bend, fold and reflect back on themselves to form a standing wave with coherent shape. Instead of traveling waves radiating ever outwards, Earth's energy field spins back on itself to weave the waves around each other into a stable form.

Various models are proposed to describe Earth's subtle energy fields. Most are very similar, and able to predict the planet's geophysical features, such as tectonic plates, mountain ranges, ocean ridges, watersheds, bedrock faults, and volcanic spots. These global grid models also effectively predict anthropogenic features such as major cities, transportation routes, holy sites, and cultural centers.

These theories of global grids are unproven and controversial, although a great deal of empirical data from geology, astrophysics and archaeology supports the claims.

A contrasting analogy to understand this waveshape concept is our modern telecommunications grid. Our modern communications technology uses high frequency, shortwave microwaves to transmit information between distant points.

The Earth Restoration and Reforestation Alliancewww.dyarrow.orgupdated 10/12/2003